Yule Lads begin arrival in Iceland
1531 – According to traditional Catholic accounts, the image of the Blessed Virgin Mary miraculously appeared imprinted on Juan Diego's tilma.
1866 – England's worst mining disaster occurred when a series of explosions caused by flammable gases ripped through the Oaks Colliery.
1941 – At a Nazi Party meeting in the Reich Chancellery, Adolf Hitler declared the imminent destruction of the Jewish race.
1956 – The Irish Republican Army began its Border Campaign, a guerrilla campaign to overthrow British rule in Northern Ireland.
1988 – Three trains collided (scene pictured) near Clapham Junction railway station in London, killing 35 people and injuring 484 others.