October Revolution Day in Belarus and various other regions of the former Soviet Union
1665 – The London Gazette, the oldest surviving English-language newspaper, was first published as the Oxford Gazette.
1885 – Construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway, the first transcontinental railroad across Canada, concluded with the driving of the "last spike" (pictured) in Craigellachie, British Columbia.
1916 – In the Congressional election, Jeannette Rankin became the first woman elected to the United States House of Representatives.
1941 – World War II: German aircraft sank the Soviet hospital ship Armenia while she was evacuating civilians and wounded soldiers from Crimea, killing an estimated 5,000 people.
1991 – Professional basketball player Magic Johnson announced his retirement from the game because of his infection with HIV.