World Diabetes Day
Guru Nanak Gurpurab (Sikhism, 2016)
1910 – Aviator Eugene Burton Ely performed the first takeoff from a ship, flying from a makeshift deck on the USS Birmingham in Hampton Roads, Virginia, US.
1941 – Second World War: After suffering torpedo damage the previous day, the British aircraft carrier HMS Ark Royal sank as she was being towed to Gibraltar for repairs.
1960 – Ruby Bridges became the first black child to attend an all-white elementary school in Louisiana as part of the New Orleans school desegregation crisis.
1984 – Cesar Climaco, mayor of Zamboanga City, the Philippines, was assassinated by an unknown gunman.
2003 – Astronomers Michael E. Brown, Chad Trujillo, and David L. Rabinowitz discovered the trans-Neptunian object 90377 Sedna (artist's impression pictured).