1811 – Peninsular War: An allied force of British, Spanish, and Portuguese troops clashed with the French at the Battle of Albuera south of Badajoz, Spain.
1916 – The United Kingdom and France signed the Sykes–Picot Agreement, a secret agreement considered to have shaped the Middle East, defining the borders of Iraq and Syria.
1929 – The 1st Academy Awards ceremony was held at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel in Los Angeles.
1961 – The Military Revolution Committee, led by Park Chung-hee (pictured), carried out a bloodless coup against the government of Yun Bo-seon, ending the Second Republic of South Korea.
1975 – Japanese climber Junko Tabei became the first woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest.