National Beer Day in the United States
1724 – Johann Sebastian Bach debuted the St John Passion, a musical representation of the Passion, at the St. Thomas Church in Leipzig.
1788 – American pioneers established the town of Marietta (now in Ohio), the first permanent American settlement in the Northwest Territory.
1896 – An Arctic expedition led by Norwegian explorer Fridtjof Nansen (pictured) reached 86°13.6'N, almost three degrees beyond the previous Farthest North mark.
1948 – The United Nations established the World Health Organization to act as a coordinating authority on international public health.
2010 – Thousands rioted in the Kyrgyz capital of Bishkek, resulting in the collapse of the Kurmanbek Bakiyev government.