A new law in Kenya is the latest in East Africa to punish the spreading of "false information" and impose a lengthy jail term on offenders.
It proposes a fine of $50,000 (£37,000) and/or up to two years in prison for publishing "false" information.
The Computer Misuse and Cybercrimes law also criminalises abuse on social media and cyber bullying. Critics of the "fake news" laws in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania say they are meant to muzzle independent media.
The Committee to Protect Journalists had urged President Uhuru Kenyatta to send back the bill to parliament to remove clauses that it says violated press freedom and freedom of expression.
The rights body said that parts of the law criminalised unauthorised access and sharing of government data which would remove protection for whistle-blowers.
According to Kenya's Editor's Guild, the law "may be abused by state authorities to curtail media freedom".
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