Mawlid (Shia Islam, 2019)
Republic Day in Brazil (1889)
565 – Justin II became Byzantine emperor, his uncle Justinian I having allegedly chosen Justin as his successor on his deathbed.
1864 – American Civil War: Union Army General William T. Sherman began his "March to the Sea", inflicting significant damage to property and infrastructure on his way from Atlanta to Savannah, Georgia.
1922 – During a general strike in Guayaquil, Ecuador, police and military fired into a crowd, killing at least 300 people.
1959 – Two men murdered a family in Holcomb, Kansas; the events became the subject of Truman Capote's non-fiction novel In Cold Blood, a pioneering work of the true crime genre.
2012 – After ten years as General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, Hu Jintao stepped down and was replaced by Xi Jinping (pictured).