1191 – Third Crusade: Forces under Richard I of England defeated Ayyubid troops under Saladin in Arsuf, present-day Israel.
1778 – Anglo-French War: France invaded the island of Dominica (depicted) and captured its British fort before the latter even knew that France had allied with the United States.
1901 – With Beijing occupied by foreign troops from the Eight-Nation Alliance, Qing China was forced to sign the Boxer Protocol, an unequal treaty ending the Boxer Rebellion.
1999 – Three weeks after an earthquake struck northwestern Turkey, a second earthquake struck Athens, causing Greece and Turkey to initiate "earthquake diplomacy".
2004 – Hurricane Ivan made landfall on Grenada and devastated at least 85 percent of buildings on the island.